Sunflower Seeds Benefits For Female Fertility, Nursing Resume Objective Acute Care, St Louis Events July 6, Yo La Tengo - Autumn Sweater, Hackberry Emperor Range, Self Defense Keychain Set Wholesale, Wishbone Russian Dressing Substitute, Asus Mb169b+ Cable, Golden Tiara Clematis Care, Smooth Beech Tree, Pyrex Baking Dish With Lid Round, " />

Notre sélection d'articles

black acacia invasive species

Posté par le 1 décembre 2020

Catégorie : Graphisme

Pas de commentaire pour l'instant - Ajoutez le votre !

> 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991. http://plants.usda.gov, Versfeld DB, van Wilgen BW, 1986. A. mearnsii is widely cultivated as an exotic species in a number of countries throughout the world. Dye and tannin-producing plants. Genetic variation in frost tolerance of Acacia mearnsii. In: Black wattle and its utilisation, [ed. Volume 2. The Ecology and Management of Biological Invasions in Southern Africa. Small-scale Forestry, 15(1):127-134. http://rd.springer.com/journal/11842, Selincourt Kde, 1992. More recently, Chan et al. Canberra, Australia: Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, 160-165, Ho CK, Fang YL, 1997. Black Wattle and its Utilisation. Acacia mearnsii (black wattle); foliage. Evaluation of induced polyploidy in Acacia mearnsii through stomatal counts and guard cell measurements. Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. 11-14. http://www.iobc-wprs.org/pub/bulletins/bulletin_2014_101_table_of_contents_abstracts.pdf. 5 (2). While these trees have demonstrated invasive traits, there is insufficient supporting research to declare them so pervasive that they cannot be recommended for any planting sites. ACIAR Proceedings, No. mearnsii is a light-demanding species with rapid early stem growth. ACIAR Proceedings, No. Its invasion of airports may facilitate accidental introduction (Liu et al., 2016). Acacia mearnsii: a breeding plan for China. Bark quality of Acacia mearnsii provenances from different geographic origins growing in South China. ), The Ecology and Management of Biological Invasions in Southern Africa. PROTA4U web database., [ed. Investigations of the possible use of the foliage of black wattle (Acacia mearnsii De Wild.) In: Turnbull JW, ed. In this context, Geldenhuys et al. Black wattle. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science [Sustaining the future of Acacia plantation forestry. Technical Paper Division of Forestry, CSIRO, No. World Agroforestry Centre. ; many ref, Boucher C, 1980. Economic incentives for restoring natural capital in southern African rangelands. The growth and the nutrient status of Acacia species in Japan. Costs and benefits of the Australian blackwood Acacia melanoxylon in South African forestry. Invasive Species Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission. 2 Proceedings of IUFRO Symposium on Site and Productivity of Fast-Growing Plantations, 30 April-11 May 1984, Pretoria and Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, 907-920, Higa AR, Resende MDV, 1994. Impson et al. The ecology and management of biological invasions in Southern Africa. Performance of Acacia mearnsii provenance/progeny in southern China. Patterns of morphological variation in seedlings of A. mearnsii were studied by Bleakley and Matheson (1992). Australian Forestry, 53(3):148-153; 7 ref, Zheng GuangCheng, Lin YunLu, Yazaki Y, 1991. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 65:172-179. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00380717, Boudiaf I, Beddiar A, Roux Cle, Prin Y, Duponnois R, 2014. The pulping and mechanical properties of black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) timber. Black wattle silviculture in Brazil. Wallingford, UK: CABI. John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995. Black wattle plantations in South Africa: Introduction, silviculture and management. (1996).A. Wood in Australia: types, properties and uses. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Kraft pulping properties of Acacia mearnsii and A. silvestris. A. mearnsii occurs across an altitudinal range of approximately 1050 m in its native Australia, from coastal locations just above sea level to 1070 m on Mt Gladstone, west of Cooma, New South Wales.Crous et al. Invasive plants of the Mediterranean basin. 1, 38 pp. In: Turnbull JW, ed. Cape Town, South Africa: Oxford University Press, 3-19, Dean SJ, Holmes PM, Weiss PW, 1986. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list or law. A. mearnsii is often found in closed forest as a result of having previously established in gaps when the forest was more open, as it is not able to establish in closed forests (Geldenhuys et al., 1986). Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: University of Natal, Grant JE, Moran GF, Moncur MW, 1994. A. mearnsii behaves invasively in a number of countries, and in South Africa is one of the most serious invasive species. Treatments to promote seed germination in Australian acacias. Ho CK, Fang YI, 1997. Black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) in Zimbabwe. Canberra, Australia: Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, 18-27, Roux J, Kemp GHJ, Wingfield MJ, 1995. Public Domain - Released by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/original image by Steve Hurst. It yields bark extractives high in quality tannin, paper pulp, cellulose for rayon, charcoal, and fuelwood. ACIAR Proceedings, No. ; many ref, Searle SD, 1997. Robinia pseudoacacia. ACIAR Proceedings No. Identifying climatic areas in China suitable for Acacia mearnsii and A. mangium. Bulletin of Botanical Research, 31(2):235-240. http://bbr.nefu.edu.cn, Berenschot L M, Filius B M, Hardjosoediro S, 1988. http://www.arc.agric.za/institutes/ppri/main/divisions/weedsdiv/fynboselectronic/acamea.htm, Beck SL, Dunlop RW, Fossey A, 2003. Advances in Tropical Acacia Research. (black wattle) in Australia. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. 831-838. Washington DC, USA; National Academy of Sciences, Nicholson CRL, 1991. (1986) list water alone and other sources exclude birds. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991. Bark properties. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. In low altitude coastal areas it grows with Eucalyptus saligna, E. bosistoana, E. muellerana, E. ovata, E. globulus, E. tereticornis and E. viminalis. [Seed leaflet No. It is by Forest and Kim Starr at Starr Environmental. Boudiaf I, Baudoin E, Sanguin H, Beddiar A, Thioulouse J, Galiana A, Prin Y, Roux Cle, Lebrun M, Duponnois R, 2013. 80 pp. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do, De Wit MP, Crookes DJ, Van Wilgen BW, 2001. I3N-Brasil, 2015. In: Turnbull JW, ed. Peduncles golden pubescent, 5-8 mm long. Witt pers. Alien invasions in indigenous evergreen forest. Wiersum KF, 1991. Growing and managing Acacia mearnsii (black wattle) in Kenya. The impact of black wattle encroachment of indigenous grasslands on soil carbon, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Study on risk evaluation system for alien invasive plants in Wenzhou: taking Acacia mearnsii for an example. Stein PP, Tonietto L, 1997. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Pudoc. February 2006. mearnsii competes with and replaces native vegetation and it may also replace grass communities, reducing the carrying capacity of the land. The invasiveness of this species is partly due to its ability to produce large amounts of long-lived seeds. Genetical studies in Acacias. However, A. mearnsii is already widely distributed globally and so it would be prudent to monitor existing plantings for signs of invasiveness as it may be behaving as a ‘sleeper weed’ in some areas. IFA Newsletter, 36(2):2-5, Maslin BR, McDonald MW, 1996. Drought-tolerance of an invasive alien tree, Feng YouYi, Dong XiaoHui, Hu RenYong, Ke QianQian, Ding BingYang, 2010. +C26, 1(5):247-254, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008. Sydney, Australia: McGraw-Hill Book Company, viii + 443pp. Kessy B S, 1987. Across the whole of South Africa, the estimated annual consumption of water by A. mearnsii is estimated to be in the order of 300 million m³ (Anon., 2000). Australian Tree Species Research in China. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Wood properties and uses. Searle SD, 1997. Humlebaek, Denmark: Danida Forest Seed Centre. Growth of Australian acacias in Tanzania. Southern African Forestry Journal, No. Other uses of wattle extract. September 2011. In: Brown AG, Ho CK, eds. Alien species in terrestrial ecosystems of the fynbos biome. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. How much water do alien invasive plants use in South Africa? Liu et al. May 2010. In: Brown AG, ed. Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A, 2009. Canberra, Australia: Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, 83-88, I3N-Brasil, 2015. These results are largely in accordance with field data from South Africa where high altitude New South Wales provenances were significantly more frost-tolerant than low altitude New South Wales and Victoria provenances. A. mearnsii fixes atmospheric nitrogen and this allows it to survive on relatively infertile sites. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Gao C, 1997. (Red de Informacion sobre especies invasoras)., Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN). Computerized climate mapping for planting site selection. Australian Tree Species Research in China. of ref.]. The record of nativity to Queensland by Cronk and Fuller (1995) is thus likely to be erroneous. Invasive Species - Invasive Trees. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. In tropical countries, this species is attacked by various insects including herbivores (Acanthopsyche junode), stem-borers (Platypus solidus) and caterpillars (Achaea lienardi). Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Optimal areas for commercial plantations of A. mearnsii in subtropical parts of South Africa are above 400 m altitude where the rainfall is in the range 850-1200 mm and the mean annual temperature above 16ºC (Schonau and Schulze 1984). Black wattle silviculture in Brazil. Acacia mearnsii (black wattle); habit. ; Kruger, F.J.; Ferrar, A.A.] Cape Town, South Africa; Oxford University Press, 275-283, Geldenhuys CJ, Roux PJ le, Cooper KH, 1986. Comparative study of chlorophyll content in diploid and tetraploid black wattle (Acacia mearnsii). as feed for livestock. The natural occurrence of A. mearnsii falls mostly in the warm sub-humid zone, extending in places to the warm humid zone. Leaves are dark olive-green and also finely hairy, bipinnate; leaflets short […] New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 324 pp, Luyt IE, Mullin LJ, Gwaze DP, 1987. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20173158959 doi:10.1079/9781786392145.0000, Wu Z, 1997. In: Brown A, ed. Tasmanian and mainland provenances diverged and, in turn, were subdivided into low elevation and higher elevation groups based on morphological features of young seedlings. Keahuaiwi Gulch, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Acacia mearnsii (black wattle); flowering habit. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. (Base de dados nacional de espécies exóticas invasora)., Florianópolis - SC, Brazil: I3N Brasil, Instituto Hórus de Desenvolvimento e Conservação Ambiental. Growth of Australian acacias in Tanzania. A. mearnsii is one of a number of invasive species in South Africa that is considered to have increased river bank erosion because it is less well adapted to flash floods than native plants (Macdonald and Richardson, 1986). (1994) reported that 90% of flowers were wholly male. In: Brown AG, Ho CK, eds. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. in China. in India, and is widely naturalized elsewhere where it may become invasive in the future. [web application]. Acacia mearnsii (black wattle); sapling. It is also known to be invasive in California, USA, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Jamaica, Brazil, New Zealand and Réunion, has shown a tendency to invade and cause concerns in other countries, e.g. Black wattle problem emerges in Indian forests. 16, 57-63, Boland DJ, 1997. plantations in China. Allelopathic effect of, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. black locust. Cheboiwo J K, Ongugo P O, 1989. DOI:10.1007/BF02344749. This species is described and illustrated in many publications, among the most recent texts being Wiersum (1991), Tame (1992), Doran and Turnbull (1997) and Brown and Ho (1997). In 1933 it was planted on commercial scale in mountainous areas of Java and by 1941 an area of around 12,000 ha had been planted. Managed forests, plantations and orchards, As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Different mitigation scenarios were ranked according to their cost-benefit ratio. Willd. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Inflorescence of globular heads with 20-30 small, pale creamy-yellow flowers in axillary or terminal racemes or panicles. Black wattle and its utilisation. Acacia melanoxylon (black acacia) is a tree (family Fabaceae) found along the coast of California, in the North and South Coast Ranges, and the San Francisco Bay region. 16: 128-131, Macdonald IAW, Richardson DM, 1986. The growth and the nutrient status of Acacia species in Japan. In: ACIAR Proceedings Series [Advances in tropical acacia research. Booth T H, Yan H, 1991. Feng et al. Mukwada et al. As A. mearnsii is an important commercial plant as well as being extremely invasive, it is important that any control methods limit spread without affecting growth of cultivated trees.

Sunflower Seeds Benefits For Female Fertility, Nursing Resume Objective Acute Care, St Louis Events July 6, Yo La Tengo - Autumn Sweater, Hackberry Emperor Range, Self Defense Keychain Set Wholesale, Wishbone Russian Dressing Substitute, Asus Mb169b+ Cable, Golden Tiara Clematis Care, Smooth Beech Tree, Pyrex Baking Dish With Lid Round,

Pas de commentaire pour l'instant

Ajouter le votre !

Laisser votre commentaire