Raven Rock State Park, 2006-07-21 [View PDF] Click to enlarge [Google Images] BoA []: sciName: Asterocampa celtis: Link to BAMONA species account. The topside of the wings are mostly dark with white dots and spots in the area by the wing tip. It may be easiest to spot in winter, since there are fewer leaves to distract from Hackberry’s distinctive outerwear. plants. Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org. This species has a limited range in New York. Adults do not nectar, but feed on sap, decaying fruit, carrion, mud, etc. The HbE is considered a fairly common butterfly in its range, but it is often overlooked because it’s flying around the tops of the trees. The Hackberry Emperor is mainly olive brown or gray-brown in color, with dark spots. The Tawny Emperor may also be more yellow-brown, or even a pale gray-brown or taupe. 2011). Other Uses: Sugarberry is used for furniture, athletic goods, firewood, and plywood. Host plants are trees including several species in one genus, Celtis (Ulmaceae). butterflies: hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis) and American snout (Libytheana carineta). The Tawny Emperor has a green line running the length of it's back while the Hackberry Emperor has a row of pale yellow/green dots running the length of it's back. The young caterpillars feed in large groups. It is a large butterfly and is similar in appearance to the Hackberry Emperor. Hackberry Emperor has bold submarginal eyespots on all wings; hindwing undersides have eyespots with blue pupils. According to Pease (pers. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. Image Credit: Image copyright www.InsectIdentification.org; No Reproduction Permitted, Updated: 8/24/2020; Tawny Emperors do not have any underneath, but the Hackberry does. Hackberry is a native to most of North America. This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Larvae of this species are far more gregarious than those of the Hackberry Emperor, especially during early instars, when they pack together on host plant leaves. The underside of the wings are lighter brown, but dark and light bands of brown set a backdrop for rows of light and dark patterned shapes. Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a tree whose ridged, warty bark makes it easy to recognize in any season. Identification: Extremely variable geographically. Appearance: Generally a pale butterfly in flight. It is often found in association with the hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis(Boisduval & LeConte), which is usually more abundant. cturtletrax/Getty Images. Both these bottomland trees tolerate diverse soil conditions but Hackberry tolerates a greater range of environmental conditions and can persist despite drought, pollution and wind. It ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas. Upperside is reddish brown. Host plants are trees including several species in one genus, Celtis (Ulmaceae). Both species grow throughout the eastern United States and are occasionally used as ornamentals. Confusing Caterpillar ID : Tawny Emperor and Hackberry Emperor caterpillars are very similar in appearance. The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. Native Habitats: ... hackberry emperor and a variety of skippers, sulphurs and whites. Hackberries grow predominately east and south of the Rockies, and these emperors reach the northwestern limit of … The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. Consider the magnificent hackberry tree, Celtis occidentalis. The third eyespot is out of line and slightly larger than its neighbors. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. I am familiar with the tree, but although range maps indicate that this is on the border of their range, I have never seen one up here in the mountains. Both share the same range east of the Rockies, but the Tawny Emperor's is more concentrated in the center of that region. Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers. ... although it is less common in the southern part of its range. Range and Habitat. Competition between the two closely related species may be reduced by the fact that tawny emperor larvae often feed on older foliage whereas hackberry emperor la… It can commonly be found across the Midwest and especially along the east coast from Florida up to New England. As a subject for urban tree planting, the hackberry has the ability to tolerate air pollution, road salt and urban conditions, including a wide range of soils, even temporarily flooded ones. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. 2009) and possibly three in Florida (Glassberg et al. ), from Connecticut to southern Minnesota south through most of Florida and Texas and well into Mexico, west through northern Mexico and southeastern Arizona (Brock and Kaufman 2003). In Wisconsin, you’re most likely to see a Hackberry Emperor (HbE) in the southwestern third of the state and along the Mississippi River, but there are records elsewhere. You’ll find a range of interesting patterns and textures and maybe even learn something new about the trees around you. Chart 62 should not be taken to indicate any abundance trend. Tawny Emperor caterpillars eggs are laid in large groups of 200 to 500 on Hackberry bark or leaves. Hackberry emperors lay their eggs almost exclusively on hackberry leaves. Searching Hackberry stands, no matter how small, at the proper time of year, may lead to the discovery of additional populations of both emperor species in the Commonwealth. Hackberry occurs at the northern extremity of its natural range in isolated pockets in southwestern Massachusetts, including on islands in the lower Connecticut River. As the species is now defined, it occupies most of the range of the eastern hackberries (Celtis spp. I’m surprised to hear it is considered a nuisance tree by some. (Scott 1986). Both share the same range east of the Rockies, but the Tawny Emperor's is more concentrated in the center of that region. The Hackberry Emperor is a species of North American butterfly that are often seen hopping around water bodies, swamps, and city parks/gardens. To identify which caterpillar is which, look at the center of the caterpillar's back. The HbE is considered a fairly common butterfly in its range, but it is often overlooked because it’s flying around the tops of the trees. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. Look for Hackberry on a winter day that’s a little warmer than normal, and you might be… Identify butterflies and caterpillars by viewing photos. It is similar in many respects to its relative, the American elm. They may have been expanding in … Eggs are laid on the host plant singly or sometimes in groups of several to 20 eggs per cluster. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. So, I was a bit more than a little surprised the other day to see several Hackberry Emperor butterflies ( Asterocampa celtis ) … Their ongoing presence in the southern Connecticut River and Housatonic River valleys has only recently come to light. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. The common hackberry is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree, generally reaching 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m) in height and about the same in spread, with exceptional specimens approaching 100 feet (30 m) tall. Both these bottomland trees tolerate diverse soil conditions but Hackberry tolerates a greater range of environmental conditions and can persist despite drought, pollution and wind. The hackberry tree also has wider leaves that are coarser above than the sugarberry tree. Wing span: 1 3/8 - 2 1/2 inches (3.5 - 6.3 cm). It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. White-tailed deer browse the leaves and fruit. NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities. There is a related species, Sugarberry (C. laevigata) that is native in the southern half of the United States and in the western states. It is often found in association with the hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & LeConte), which is usually more abundant. Use Entities Finder to find relationships between entities, things, concepts and people. The topside of the wings are mostly dark with white dots and spots in the area by the wing tip. Appearance: Generally a pale butterfly in flight. Both Hackberry Emperor and Tawny Emperor have ranges largely to the south of Massachusetts. Summary 7 The Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) is a North American butterfly that belongs to the family of brushfooted butterflies, Nymphalidae.. North american ecology (us and canada) 8 Asterocampa celtis is a year-round residen in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. Photo: plants.bachmanslandscaping.com. Hackberry Emperor Family: Brush-footed Butterflies Subfamily: Emperors These butterflies are very fast fliers and usually rest upside down on the trunks of trees. They may be expanding in range and numbers here as a result of climate warming. ), Tawny Emperor larvae emerge from the leaf litter a few days later than Hackberry Emperor larvae in the spring. It is extremely windproof, surviving both hurricanes and tornadoes, so a great tree for “tornado alley” where I live. Its status is uncertain elsewhere. About every five years, we are blessed with huge eruptions of Hackberry Emperors. Adults can vary in color and can range from brown to orange. The tawny emperor, Asterocampa clyton (Boisduval & LeConte), is a medium sized, rather non-descript butterfly that is particularly common in riparian forests, but is also found in dry woods and suburbs (Opler et al. Description:At maturity, this tree is typically 40-80' tall, forming a straightcentral trunkand an ovoid crown. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. I am familiar with the tree, but although range maps indicate that this is on the border of their range, I have never seen one up here in the mountains. To differentiate between the two, check the underside of the wings for eyespots. (Scott 1986). The hackberry emperor is found across a wide range within North America. Each large forewing has a black and white eyespot by the front edge, and a black spot with a yellow ring farther below it. Jack Powell is an accomplishes bird photographer from Oklahoma. Wing spread: 1.5" - 2.5" Host Plants: Hackberries These butterflies often perch head down on the sides of various vertical surfaces: tree trunks, buildings, fence posts, Hackberry Emperors rarely nectar at flowers, preferring sap, fruit, detritus, and damp dirt instead. Hackberry Emperor, Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Leconte) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Apaturinae) 3 Life Cycle and Biology There are two generations per year throughout most of the range (Opler et al. Upperside orange-brown with a jagged postmedian row of white spots and a single (sometimes two) submarginal black spot on forewing. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. Info about Hackberry. CHRYSALIS: Similar to Hackberry Emperor. The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. State Ranking Justification. The hackberry grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Chart 62: MBC Sightings per Total Trip Reports. Competition between the two closely related species may be reduced by the fact that tawny emperor larvae often feed on older foliage whereas hackberry emperor larvae prefer new foliage (Cech & Tudor 2005). It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Texas Butterflies | About | Site Map | Contact | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy, Copyright © 2020 ButterfliesAtHome.com • All Rights Reserved, Hackberry Emperor Butterfly Life Cycle Stages and Times, Photo by and courtesy of Ranger Robb Hannawacker. Flight Season: There are probably two flights in eastern Canada, but this is difficult to determine since in some areas there are only single records. I’m surprised to hear it is considered a nuisance tree by some. Try it now, it is free! The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. Hackberry emperor butterfly, shown with its characteristic pattern of black and white stripes against brownish orange background. Asterocampa celtis is a year-round residen in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. Hackberry butterflies are found over about two-thirds of the U.S. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. The hackberry tree produces small fruits … Forewing has 1 submarginal eyespot, a jagged row of white spots, and the cell … It ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas. Males perch on foliage or Hackberry occurs at the northern extremity of its natural range in isolated pockets in southwestern Massachusetts, including on islands in the lower Connecticut River. The corky ridged bark of mature trees is unique. Common Hackberry is polygamo-monoecious, producing male (staminate), female (pistillate), and perfect flowers on the same tree. Each hindwing has a row of black and blue eyespots that follow the wing's natural curve. Figure 1. 1 Though often overlooked, the Society of Municipal Arborists has named hackberry the 2020 Urban Tree of the Year . It is likely a permanent resident in southeastern New York, although individual colonies can be transient. : map: Click on a county for list of all database records for the species in that county. Surprisingly, Tawny Emperor has been somewhat easier to find that Hackberry Emperor, even though throughout its range it is usually the rarer of the two, perhaps overlooked because it flies higher in the trees. It has limited use for flooring, creating, and for wood posts. Eggs are laid on the host plant singly… The hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Leconte), is also known as the hackberry butterfly (Miller 1992) although the latter name is somewhat misleading because there are two other eastern United States butterflies—the American snout, Libytheana carinenta [Cramer], and the tawny emperor, Asterocampa clyton [Boisduval & Leconte]—and also a number of other Asterocampa … Hackberry is a native to most of North America. 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hackberry emperor range

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Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Short-term Trends Tawny Emperor larvae hibernate in the leaf litter under hackberry (Celtis spp.) The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. View Hackberry Emperor butterflies, caterpillars, pupa, chrysalis and life cycle pictures. Individual flowers, regardless of type, are about ¼" across and predominately yellowish green; each flower has 4-5 oblong sepals that … it is also host to the Mourning Cloak, Tawny Emperor, and Hackberry Emperor butterflies, along with several other species of insects. A light touch on the arm will alert you to the presence of a hackberry emperor, one of our most alluring and approachable butterflies. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. Both Tawny Emperor and Hackberry Emperor are species whose range is largely to the south of Massachusetts, but they are moving north. It has been observed as far south as central Mexico and north into parts of Eastern Canada. However, it can be common at Point Pelee, Ontario, where hackberry is abundant. With age, the bark becomes increasingly scaly andrough-textured. Its range extends to the southwest into regions like Arizona, New Mexico, and other parts of the Rockies, as shown by the map. American Snout caterpillar eggs are laid in small groups. Adults have a very rapid flight. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. Hackberry Emperor getting minerals from the hood of a car. Hackberry butterflies are found over about two-thirds of the U.S. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. It also supports psyllids and aphids which rarely cause severe damage and help maintain numbers of lady beetles, lacewings, parasitic wasps and other beneficial insects. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is … Range and Habitat. 2000). Adults can vary in color and can range from brown to orange. Trunk bark is gray to brownish gray, forming wartyirregular ridges. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. Hackberry Emperors can be found near hackberry trees. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grows more commonly in the northern part of sugarberry’s range and extends through the Midwest and northeastern areas of the United States. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. The underside of the wings are lighter brown, but dark and light bands of brown set a backdrop for rows of light and dark patterned shapes. Summary 7 The Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) is a North American butterfly that belongs to the family of brushfooted butterflies, Nymphalidae.. North american ecology (us and canada) 8 Asterocampa celtis is a year-round residen in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. Hackberry Emperors can be found near hackberry trees. 2009). Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) The Hackberry Emperor is mainly olive brown or gray-brown in color, with dark spots. It is common in northern and central Florida but is infrequent in southern Florida (Minno et al. The hackberry tree can be easily confused with the sugarberry tree, but the two trees can often be distinguished by range and habitat. It ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas. Look for Hackberry Emperors wherever significant stands of hackberry trees occur. It is used as an Two bold black bars near the 'shoulders' stand out on its forewing. 2009). It’s fairly fast-growing and can be rounded to vase-shaped in silhouette. Abundance: This is usually an uncommon and localized species in most of its limited Canadian range. The hackberry emperor is a member of the brushfoot family that has a range which stretches into the southern half of Minnesota. Hackberry Emperor caterpillar eggs are laid in small groups ranging from one to twenty. So, I was a bit more than a little surprised the other day to see several Hackberry Emperor butterflies ( Asterocampa celtis ) … Directions. (Scott 1986). Searching Hackberry stands, no matter how small, at the proper time of year, may lead to the discovery of additional populations of both emperor species in the Commonwealth. The males perch on tall objects in order to keep a watchful eye out for females. Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies.Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies.Wind pollinated. Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) The Hackberry Emperor is mainly olive brown or gray-brown in color, with dark spots. 1992-2009. Hackberry directly supports a number of insects and pollinators such as the American Snout, Hackberry Emperor, Mourning Cloak, Question Mark, and Tawny Emperor butterflies. comm. Many species of butterflies consider it the perfect caterpillar food plant, including the Question Mark, Mourning Cloak, Hackberry Emperor, Tawny Emperor and the darling American Snout. Strangely, these butterflies are seen visiting flowers rarely, compared to most other butterfly species. Common hackberry makes a wonderful urban tree, adapting well to tight spaces and poor growing conditions. Wildlife watching opportunities in the park are diverse and range from the herons, waterfowl and otter on the river to the white-tailed deer, black bear, scarlet tanager and other neotropical migrants of the forest. Their ongoing presence in this state –in the southern Connecticut and Housatonic River valleys--- has been known only since 1975. Open your eyes to tree bark this winter. Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) North Lawrence, KS, USA The Hackberry Emperor is a year-round resident in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. It is extremely windproof, surviving both hurricanes and tornadoes, so a great tree for “tornado alley” where I live. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grows more commonly in the northern part of sugarberry’s range and extends through the Midwest and northeastern areas of the United States. 2005). It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. Upperside orange-brown with a jagged postmedian row of white spots and a single (sometimes two) submarginal black spot on forewing. The forewing has a dark cell-end bar and two separate mid-cell spots on an orange/tawny background. (Scott 1986). it is also host to the Mourning Cloak, Tawny Emperor, and Hackberry Emperor butterflies, along with several other species of insects. The hackberry emperor is found from northeastern Mexico northward into the southwestern U.S. and to Nebraska and throughout most of the eastern U.S. except for the northern half of Wisconsin, Michigan and New York and all of New England (Opler and Krizek 1984, Opler et al. The forewing has a dark cell-end bar and two separate mid-cell spots on an orange/tawny background. Adults have the unusual habit of drinking perspiration from humans; the butterflies often alight on clothing or bare skin, and can be studied at very close range! Hackberry Emperor has bold submarginal eyespots on all wings; hindwing undersides have eyespots with blue pupils. In Wisconsin, you’re most likely to see a Hackberry Emperor (HbE) in the southwestern third of the state and along the Mississippi River, but there are records elsewhere. It is also often used as a street tree. The hackberry emperor is found from northeastern Mexico northward into the southwestern US and to Nebraska and throughout most of the eastern US except for the northern half of Wisconsin, Michigan, and New York and all of New England (Opler and Krizek 1984; Opler et al. comName: Hackberry Emperor by Paul Hart => Raven Rock State Park, 2006-07-21 [View PDF] Click to enlarge [Google Images] BoA []: sciName: Asterocampa celtis: Link to BAMONA species account. The topside of the wings are mostly dark with white dots and spots in the area by the wing tip. It may be easiest to spot in winter, since there are fewer leaves to distract from Hackberry’s distinctive outerwear. plants. Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org. This species has a limited range in New York. Adults do not nectar, but feed on sap, decaying fruit, carrion, mud, etc. The HbE is considered a fairly common butterfly in its range, but it is often overlooked because it’s flying around the tops of the trees. The Hackberry Emperor is mainly olive brown or gray-brown in color, with dark spots. The Tawny Emperor may also be more yellow-brown, or even a pale gray-brown or taupe. 2011). Other Uses: Sugarberry is used for furniture, athletic goods, firewood, and plywood. Host plants are trees including several species in one genus, Celtis (Ulmaceae). butterflies: hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis) and American snout (Libytheana carineta). The Tawny Emperor has a green line running the length of it's back while the Hackberry Emperor has a row of pale yellow/green dots running the length of it's back. The young caterpillars feed in large groups. It is a large butterfly and is similar in appearance to the Hackberry Emperor. Hackberry Emperor has bold submarginal eyespots on all wings; hindwing undersides have eyespots with blue pupils. According to Pease (pers. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. Image Credit: Image copyright www.InsectIdentification.org; No Reproduction Permitted, Updated: 8/24/2020; Tawny Emperors do not have any underneath, but the Hackberry does. Hackberry is a native to most of North America. This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Larvae of this species are far more gregarious than those of the Hackberry Emperor, especially during early instars, when they pack together on host plant leaves. The underside of the wings are lighter brown, but dark and light bands of brown set a backdrop for rows of light and dark patterned shapes. Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a tree whose ridged, warty bark makes it easy to recognize in any season. Identification: Extremely variable geographically. Appearance: Generally a pale butterfly in flight. It is often found in association with the hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis(Boisduval & LeConte), which is usually more abundant. cturtletrax/Getty Images. Both these bottomland trees tolerate diverse soil conditions but Hackberry tolerates a greater range of environmental conditions and can persist despite drought, pollution and wind. It ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas. Upperside is reddish brown. Host plants are trees including several species in one genus, Celtis (Ulmaceae). Both species grow throughout the eastern United States and are occasionally used as ornamentals. Confusing Caterpillar ID : Tawny Emperor and Hackberry Emperor caterpillars are very similar in appearance. The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. Native Habitats: ... hackberry emperor and a variety of skippers, sulphurs and whites. Hackberries grow predominately east and south of the Rockies, and these emperors reach the northwestern limit of … The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. Consider the magnificent hackberry tree, Celtis occidentalis. The third eyespot is out of line and slightly larger than its neighbors. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. I am familiar with the tree, but although range maps indicate that this is on the border of their range, I have never seen one up here in the mountains. Both share the same range east of the Rockies, but the Tawny Emperor's is more concentrated in the center of that region. Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers. ... although it is less common in the southern part of its range. Range and Habitat. Competition between the two closely related species may be reduced by the fact that tawny emperor larvae often feed on older foliage whereas hackberry emperor la… It can commonly be found across the Midwest and especially along the east coast from Florida up to New England. As a subject for urban tree planting, the hackberry has the ability to tolerate air pollution, road salt and urban conditions, including a wide range of soils, even temporarily flooded ones. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. 2009) and possibly three in Florida (Glassberg et al. ), from Connecticut to southern Minnesota south through most of Florida and Texas and well into Mexico, west through northern Mexico and southeastern Arizona (Brock and Kaufman 2003). In Wisconsin, you’re most likely to see a Hackberry Emperor (HbE) in the southwestern third of the state and along the Mississippi River, but there are records elsewhere. You’ll find a range of interesting patterns and textures and maybe even learn something new about the trees around you. Chart 62 should not be taken to indicate any abundance trend. Tawny Emperor caterpillars eggs are laid in large groups of 200 to 500 on Hackberry bark or leaves. Hackberry emperors lay their eggs almost exclusively on hackberry leaves. Searching Hackberry stands, no matter how small, at the proper time of year, may lead to the discovery of additional populations of both emperor species in the Commonwealth. Hackberry occurs at the northern extremity of its natural range in isolated pockets in southwestern Massachusetts, including on islands in the lower Connecticut River. As the species is now defined, it occupies most of the range of the eastern hackberries (Celtis spp. I’m surprised to hear it is considered a nuisance tree by some. (Scott 1986). Both share the same range east of the Rockies, but the Tawny Emperor's is more concentrated in the center of that region. The Hackberry Emperor is a species of North American butterfly that are often seen hopping around water bodies, swamps, and city parks/gardens. To identify which caterpillar is which, look at the center of the caterpillar's back. The HbE is considered a fairly common butterfly in its range, but it is often overlooked because it’s flying around the tops of the trees. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. Look for Hackberry on a winter day that’s a little warmer than normal, and you might be… Identify butterflies and caterpillars by viewing photos. It is similar in many respects to its relative, the American elm. They may have been expanding in … Eggs are laid on the host plant singly or sometimes in groups of several to 20 eggs per cluster. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. So, I was a bit more than a little surprised the other day to see several Hackberry Emperor butterflies ( Asterocampa celtis ) … Their ongoing presence in the southern Connecticut River and Housatonic River valleys has only recently come to light. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. The common hackberry is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree, generally reaching 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m) in height and about the same in spread, with exceptional specimens approaching 100 feet (30 m) tall. Both these bottomland trees tolerate diverse soil conditions but Hackberry tolerates a greater range of environmental conditions and can persist despite drought, pollution and wind. The hackberry tree also has wider leaves that are coarser above than the sugarberry tree. Wing span: 1 3/8 - 2 1/2 inches (3.5 - 6.3 cm). It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. White-tailed deer browse the leaves and fruit. NOTE: Butterflies and Moths are part of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities. There is a related species, Sugarberry (C. laevigata) that is native in the southern half of the United States and in the western states. It is often found in association with the hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & LeConte), which is usually more abundant. Use Entities Finder to find relationships between entities, things, concepts and people. The topside of the wings are mostly dark with white dots and spots in the area by the wing tip. Appearance: Generally a pale butterfly in flight. Both Hackberry Emperor and Tawny Emperor have ranges largely to the south of Massachusetts. Summary 7 The Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) is a North American butterfly that belongs to the family of brushfooted butterflies, Nymphalidae.. North american ecology (us and canada) 8 Asterocampa celtis is a year-round residen in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. Photo: plants.bachmanslandscaping.com. Hackberry Emperor Family: Brush-footed Butterflies Subfamily: Emperors These butterflies are very fast fliers and usually rest upside down on the trunks of trees. They may be expanding in range and numbers here as a result of climate warming. ), Tawny Emperor larvae emerge from the leaf litter a few days later than Hackberry Emperor larvae in the spring. It is extremely windproof, surviving both hurricanes and tornadoes, so a great tree for “tornado alley” where I live. Its status is uncertain elsewhere. About every five years, we are blessed with huge eruptions of Hackberry Emperors. Adults can vary in color and can range from brown to orange. The tawny emperor, Asterocampa clyton (Boisduval & LeConte), is a medium sized, rather non-descript butterfly that is particularly common in riparian forests, but is also found in dry woods and suburbs (Opler et al. Description:At maturity, this tree is typically 40-80' tall, forming a straightcentral trunkand an ovoid crown. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. I am familiar with the tree, but although range maps indicate that this is on the border of their range, I have never seen one up here in the mountains. To differentiate between the two, check the underside of the wings for eyespots. (Scott 1986). The hackberry emperor is found across a wide range within North America. Each large forewing has a black and white eyespot by the front edge, and a black spot with a yellow ring farther below it. Jack Powell is an accomplishes bird photographer from Oklahoma. Wing spread: 1.5" - 2.5" Host Plants: Hackberries These butterflies often perch head down on the sides of various vertical surfaces: tree trunks, buildings, fence posts, Hackberry Emperors rarely nectar at flowers, preferring sap, fruit, detritus, and damp dirt instead. Hackberry Emperor, Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Leconte) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Apaturinae) 3 Life Cycle and Biology There are two generations per year throughout most of the range (Opler et al. Upperside orange-brown with a jagged postmedian row of white spots and a single (sometimes two) submarginal black spot on forewing. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. Info about Hackberry. CHRYSALIS: Similar to Hackberry Emperor. The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. State Ranking Justification. The hackberry grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Chart 62: MBC Sightings per Total Trip Reports. Competition between the two closely related species may be reduced by the fact that tawny emperor larvae often feed on older foliage whereas hackberry emperor larvae prefer new foliage (Cech & Tudor 2005). It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Texas Butterflies | About | Site Map | Contact | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy, Copyright © 2020 ButterfliesAtHome.com • All Rights Reserved, Hackberry Emperor Butterfly Life Cycle Stages and Times, Photo by and courtesy of Ranger Robb Hannawacker. Flight Season: There are probably two flights in eastern Canada, but this is difficult to determine since in some areas there are only single records. I’m surprised to hear it is considered a nuisance tree by some. Try it now, it is free! The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. Hackberry emperor butterfly, shown with its characteristic pattern of black and white stripes against brownish orange background. Asterocampa celtis is a year-round residen in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. Hackberry butterflies are found over about two-thirds of the U.S. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. The hackberry tree produces small fruits … Forewing has 1 submarginal eyespot, a jagged row of white spots, and the cell … It ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas. Males perch on foliage or Hackberry occurs at the northern extremity of its natural range in isolated pockets in southwestern Massachusetts, including on islands in the lower Connecticut River. The corky ridged bark of mature trees is unique. Common Hackberry is polygamo-monoecious, producing male (staminate), female (pistillate), and perfect flowers on the same tree. Each hindwing has a row of black and blue eyespots that follow the wing's natural curve. Figure 1. 1 Though often overlooked, the Society of Municipal Arborists has named hackberry the 2020 Urban Tree of the Year . It is likely a permanent resident in southeastern New York, although individual colonies can be transient. : map: Click on a county for list of all database records for the species in that county. Surprisingly, Tawny Emperor has been somewhat easier to find that Hackberry Emperor, even though throughout its range it is usually the rarer of the two, perhaps overlooked because it flies higher in the trees. It has limited use for flooring, creating, and for wood posts. Eggs are laid on the host plant singly… The hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Leconte), is also known as the hackberry butterfly (Miller 1992) although the latter name is somewhat misleading because there are two other eastern United States butterflies—the American snout, Libytheana carinenta [Cramer], and the tawny emperor, Asterocampa clyton [Boisduval & Leconte]—and also a number of other Asterocampa … Hackberry is a native to most of North America. It is similar in many respects to its relative, the American elm.

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